Wednesday, November 14, 2018

1945 LJUBLJANA, Early cheque order

Immediately after the liberation of Ljubljana a postal traffic for private shipments and cheque orders was suspended. It was reopened on 30.05.45 for cheque orders and on 08.06.45 for the shipments. Because there were no overprinted stamps until the 08.06. cheque orders paid out between 30.05. and 08.06. were franked with the old occupation stamps.

1945 Ljubljana, local provisional issue, money transfer order, issued in Ljubljana (7.V.45), received in Rovte (4.VI.45), paid out (8.VI.45) and franked with 50 cents (8.VI.45) using German occupation "Landscapes" stamp.

Cheque order cachet, issued 7.5.45.

Bilingual cancellation GEREUTH / ROVTE from 4.VI.45....

... and the same cancellation four days later, now with the removed German inscription.

Saturday, November 3, 2018

1941 BANJA LUKA, Non philatelic letter

So far, I have seen only one non philatelic letter...

1941 Banja Luka, local provisional issue, letter correctly franked with 2 din, sent from Banja Luka (21.IV.41) to Teslić (13.V.41). This is the only letter free of philatelic
influence known to me.

Sunday, October 28, 2018

1945 SPLIT, Excellent & unique item

This is one of the most interesting postal items of that time...

1945 Split local provisional issue, stationery of type St.1, correctly franked with 20kn for abroad, sent from Šibenik (22.VI.45) to Josefov, Czechoslovakia, censor cancellation No. 6, Šibenik. The stationery traveled via Bari (Italy), where it was censored by the Alliance censorship No. 0105. Since postal traffic with Czechoslovakia was suspended (handwritten "SERVICE SUSPENDED" and marked with "AL MITTENTE") the stationery was returned by airmail to Belgrade, where it was censored for the third time (by the Yugoslav military censorshipand finally dispatched to Czechoslovakia. Certificate Vilfan.

Monday, October 22, 2018

1945 DFJ - Vuk stationery used outside of Serbia

This overprinted stationary was intended for use in the territory of Serbia, which at that time included also the Danube Banovina with Baranja and Srem. Until now, I was not aware of the use of this stationery outside that area...

1944 DFJ provisional issue, Vuk 2+3 din stationery, sent from Petrijevci (18.V.45) to Stari Bečej, censored by the censor of the III battalion of the III Army. This is the only Vuk stationery sent from the territory on the right side of the river Drava known to me.

Mute cancellation with handwritten date and a provisional rubber canceller of Petrijevci.

Sunday, October 21, 2018

Alpe Jadran Fila 2018 - Varaždin

I attended the 23rd international exhibition Alpe Jadran Fila 2018 in Varaždin.

The main exhibition hall just before opening.

My exhibit: The First Croatian WWII Local Issue
Međimurje, 1941

Judges at work.

At palmares.

Another gold medal for my exhibit :)

Friday, October 12, 2018

1941 NDH, "Jubilarka" stationery

I have never seen or heard before - a trial print of "jubilarka" stationery... 

1941 Independent State of Croatia, Armed Forces Special Issue, known as "jubilarka", trial print on young King Peter II stationery. From A.F.Kugel collection.


A.F.Kugel: ... a test printing was also made in black on a few 1 dinar postal cards in the young King Peter II design. However, in the end, they were not authorized to be issued.

P.J.Hughes (NDH expert):  ... I remember overlaying a genuine black overprint with this stationery and they match perfectly, so I am of the opinion that it is likely genuine. This may be the only card like this, or there may be one or two others; but I have not seen any others.  ...  The overprint may be from a separate cliche as it has none of the flaws that can be found on the overprinted stamps. It is consistent with the "proof" black overprints that are on the market in blocks on kunstdruck paper, or on the 4 Din stamp. A few of these have the flaws, but there are only a few flaws as the plate used for the proofs was very new and did not have time to develop the flaws that show up later on the regular printing.

Tuesday, September 25, 2018

1945 CETINJE, Double overprint

Double overprint exists only on 20 Lira / 2 Lire value and up to a max of 20 stamps (only one sheet of 5x4 was double overprinted). Of course, the most interesting is a unique stamp at position 2 with typical error D instead of A.

1945 Cetinje local provisional issue, 20/2 Lit, block of four with double overprint. Positions 1-2/6-7. Stamp at position 2 with typical error D instead of A (Демократскд instead of Демократска). Unique item! Certificate Veličković.

Tuesday, September 18, 2018

1941 Banja Luka, Article

I forgot to mention: Acta 2017 was published this spring. As usual, great articles...

Croatian philatelic almanac
Independent State of Croatia
Banja Luka Local Issue 1941

To order please contact me at

Saturday, September 15, 2018

1944 DB Laibach, Rare use of revenue stamp

It is always nice to find a special item...

1944 German occupation of Laibach, letter franked with 50 cent. revenue stamp used as postal stamp, send from Ljubljana (11.5.44) to Suzzara, Italy (15.5.44). Rare use of revenue stamp.

50 cent. Italian revenue stamp, overprinted with "PROVINCIA / DI LUBIANA".

Thursday, August 30, 2018

1945 SPLIT, Stationery to abroad

Split stationery sent to abroad are very very rare.

1945 Split local provisional issue, stationery type St.2 III, franked with 20kn for abroad, sent from Split (5.V.45) to Bari Italia, censored in Split (CENZURA Br. 3) and in Bari (MILITARY CENSORSHIP CIVIL MAILS 0105). Trans Adriatic mail.

Monday, August 27, 2018

Censorship of mail from abroad

Although censorship of private mail was officially ended on 2.7.1945, shipments from abroad or to abroad were censored still long afterwards.

Letter, sent by air from Osek u Duchcova, Czechoslovakia (3.X.1945) to Domžale (18.X.1945), censored by the military censor in Belgrade. 

Wednesday, August 22, 2018

World Stamp Exhibition in Prague

I spent a nice extended weekend in Prague. Nice weather, city sights and of course World Stamp Exhibition with more than 3000 frames, including my single frame exhibit "The First Croatian WWII Local Issue - Međimurje, 1941" for which I have received 88 points and a Large Vermeil. This is a great success, especially for a specialized exhibit that is not classic material.

World Stamp Exhibition.

My exhibit.

Sunday, May 27, 2018

1945 TRIESTE, Interesting picture postcard

Three things are interesting with following picture postcard: first, it was used within a short period of free-of-charge postage, second, it was written in Trieste, but sent from Rijeka and third, it has a mark with the name of the censor...

1945 Trieste, unfranked picture postcard, written in Trieste, but sent the same day (8.VI.45) from Rijeka to Brežice ob Savi, censured in Rijeka and at arrival or somewhere in transition. 

There are two censor marks on the postcard: upper is "★ / CENZURISANO" which was applied in Rijeka, lower is "KOMANDANT - MAJOR / Leskovec Karel" which was most likely added at arrival or somewhere in transition.

Friday, May 25, 2018

Philatelic exhibition in Klagenfurt

For the last couple of months, I have a lot of work in the company, so there was not much time for philately. As you can see, this is also reflected on my blog posts. Well, today I finally managed to find some time to hang out and talk about philately. I went to the philatelic exhibition in Klagenfurt where I met Mr. Hermann Dietz, a great collector of  Montenegro, Croatia, Partisan posts and Concentration camps. As always, I was impressed with his knowledge and his readiness to share it...

Mr. Hermann Dietz in front of his exhibit.

Friday, April 13, 2018

1945 SPLIT, ST1 three lines instead of four

From time to time you can find an item with perhaps a unique error...

1945 Split local provisional issue, unused stationery of type St. 1. Overprint error: three lines instead of four. Only this item is recorded. Certificate Vilfan.

Monday, March 26, 2018


Over a year ago I wrote about a letter that was sent the day before the liberation of Ljubljana, on 8th of May 1945 and censured with rare V.K.P.Lj.I. censuring mark (see here). Now, I found another similar item... 

Printed matter, correctly franked with 25 cent., sent loco (8.V.45 - the last day of German occupation!) by the Association of Industrialists and Craftsmen to one of its members. Censored and delivered by the new government somewhere between the 9th of May and before the suspension of postal traffic that happened on 12th of May.

Interesting content! Obviously it was clear that the Germans will withdraw and that a lot of resources will be needed for the renovation of the country.
(Click on image to enlarge)

Friday, March 23, 2018

Collecta 2018

Today I spent a few hours at Collecta fair in Ljubljana. Unfortunately, I did not find anything special for my collection, but on the other hand, I met many philatelic colleges. So, all in all, a nice day...

At Collecta fair in Ljubljana.

Monday, March 5, 2018

1945 ZAGREB - Fake or mistake?

At first glance it was an interesting item, but a detailed check showed that it is a fake - the date on the canceller is not possible. It is before the partisans came to Zagreb and much before this issue was released. The reason for forging is obvious: traveled stationery are much more valuable than non traveled ones.

UPDATE: OK, I could agree with those who allow the possibility that the wrong date is a mistake of a postal employee. 

Fake or mistake? DFJ Zagreb stationery on eBay.

Why 27.IV.45 cannot be genuine? Because partisans liberated Zagreb on 9.V.45 and 
DFJ Zagreb local provisional issue was released on 25.VI.45.

Sunday, March 4, 2018

1943 ŠIBENIK, eBay forgeries

Forgeries of Šibenik postage stamps are being sold again on eBay these days. In the description of lots, the seller mentions that the overprint is most likely not authentic, but the problem is that this description is in French :( Anyway, the forgeries are very poor, so they probably can not confuse anyone...

1943 Šibenik local provisional issue,  forgeries. 

Interestingly, the same seller also sells fakes of the German occupation of Zara.

1943 Zara local provisional issue,  forgeries.

Thursday, March 1, 2018

1945 MARIBOR, Forerunner from Celje

After the liberation of Slovenia, the military authorities terminated civil postal service for 25 days (from May 12th to Jun 6th). No civilian shipment was permitted. Both outgoing and incoming mail was retained at post offices until Jun 6th.

Forerunner of the 1945 Maribor provisional issue, a letter sent from Sevnica ob Savi (7.VI.1945) to Belgrade. Cancelled with a provisional rubber date stamp and circular censors cancellation "Cenzura Celje". This is the earliest item sent after the reopening of postal service known to me.

Thursday, February 15, 2018

1945 SPLIT, Hyper censoring

I have a very nice example of a picture postcard censored by the military censor where the entire message is crossed out - only the address part was left readable. 

1945 Split local provisional issue, picture postcard sent from Šibenik to Knin (15.VI.45), free of charge as the sender was a military person. Cancelled and censured in Knin. The entire message is crossed out - only the address part was left readable.

Tuesday, January 16, 2018

1944 SENTA, Fake

Another fake Senta set was sold today on eBay. The buyer should already know that it is not possible to get the original Big Senta for such a low price...

Fake Big Senta on eBay.

Saturday, December 30, 2017

1943/44 ŠIBENIK, triple mixed franking

At that time, the following postal tariffs were in force: 2 kn for postcard, 3,5 kn for letter, 9 kn for registration and 10 kn for the express delivery. Note that since there was a lack of lower values, a tolerance up to the +/- 1 kn was tolerated as correct franking. The exchange rate for Šibenik I was 1 lira = 4 kn. Proper use of war tax surcharge for letters was: 2 kn before 15.06.1944 and 10 kn after that.

Letters, properly franked with all three issues, Šibenik I, Šibenik II and NDH definitive, are very rare. 

1943/44 Šibenik local provisional issue, registered letter, properly franked with 12,8 kn (1,2 * 4 = 4,8 kn of Šibenik I, 3,5 * 2 = 7 kn of Šibenik II and 1 kn of NDH definitive), charged with 10 kn war tax, sent from Šibenik (26.VIII.44) to Split (31.VIII.44). Returned from Split (2.IX.44) due to the death of the recipient. Certificate Zrinjšćak.

Tuesday, December 26, 2017

1945 MARIBOR, Forgeries

Recently, there are a lot of fakes on the market, especially with various specialties like inverted or double overprints. Below are the two most common types of forgeries...

Genuine overprint

Sharp edges and homogeneous structure of color are the most important features of the genuine overprint.

Forgery A
The wavy line in the middle is not thinner. Upper curvature of the letter S in Yugoslavia is more angular and facing down. 

Dotted structure shows that this forgery was the most likely made with a conventional laser printer.

Forgery B
Star between 9 and 5 is like a rounded stain. L in Yugoslavia is not perpendicular and facing down. Both A in Yugoslavia are without a dot. 

The edges of the overprint are not sharp enough and sometimes color spills out. This is typical for a rubber clichés.

Saturday, December 16, 2017

1941 MEĐIMURJE, Forgeries

Forgeries of overprints exist, but they are very amateur and can be easily distinguished from the genuine. Much more dangerous are forgeries of postal items where both, the overprint and the cancellation are genuine, but a postal item as a whole is a fake.

A fragment of a letter, franked with 2 din, cancelled with Čakovec 3, 12.IV.41. Private product / forgery. After the Yugoslav army withdrew and when the post office in Čakovec was closed someone stole and misused the canceller. Hence, all letters postmarked at Čakovec on 12.IV.41 or later are fakes.

Letter, franked with 0,50 din, cancelled with Bjelovar 3, 31.IX.41. Canceller Bjelovar 3 is in the private hands and there is no evidence at all that these stamps have been used in Bjelovar.

In addition, forger used a nonexistent day 31st of September :(.